Enquire Now

Importance of Nutritional Health During IVF Treatment

Importance of Nutritional Health During IVF Treatment

Are you considering in vitro fertilization (IVF) to get pregnant? Nutrition is critical to preparing well for the success of the procedure. Here’s what you should know about the nutritional requirements for IVF procedures

The Basics of Nutrition in IVF 

Maintaining a healthy diet improves sperm and egg quality, while facilitating fertilization and embryo and fetal development. Key nutrients to consider for IVF are: 


  • Folic Acid: Facilitates fetal development and prevents birth defects. 
  • Zinc: Enhances DNA development in the fetus. 
  • Calcium: Improves breast milk quality and prevents preterm birth and pre-eclampsia (high BP during pregnancy). 
  • Iron: Enhances the health of the placenta. 

Men and Women 

  • Protein: Facilitates tissue and muscle repair for the baby and the carrier and improves sperm quality. 
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Balance reproductive hormones and support uterine lining and brain development. 

Nutritional Recommendations for IVF 

A balanced diet before and during IVF is critical. Start by balancing macronutrients and then ensure micronutrient intake. Include:  

  • Complex Carbohydrates 
  • Whole grains and sweet fruits. 
  • Healthy Fats: Avocados, nuts, seeds, olive oil, coconut oil. 
  • Proteins: Lean meat, fish, dairy, legumes. 


  • Folic Acid: Leafy greens, and citrus fruits 
  • Zinc: Oysters, pumpkin seeds, and whole grains 
  • Calcium: milk, cheese and other dairy products 
  • Vitamin D: Fatty fish, fortified dairy, and eggs 
  • Iron: Spinach, kale, beans 
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Salmon, mackerel, chia seeds, flax seeds, walnuts 
  • Water: High-water fruits and vegetables, 8 glasses of water 
  • Antioxidants: Berries, colorful vegetables 

What to Eat and When to Eat It 

In today’s busy life, balancing diet and work can be tricky. The best way to proceed is to get a nutrition consultation for a targeted diet for IVF. If your healthcare practitioner approves self-management, try to have balanced meals and low-sugar snacks. The below guide can be helpful. 

Include Fertility Boosting Foods 

Naturally boost fertility with antioxidant-rich foods, omega-3-rich foods, fibre, and lean protein sources. Walnuts, tomatoes, citrus fruits, full-fat dairy, beans, lentils, sardines and salmon improve fertility naturally. 

Choose Organic Foods 

Organic produce is free of insecticides, herbicides and pesticides, which are known to have endocrine disruptors that interfere with reproductive hormones and lower fertility. Also, eat fruits and vegetables after thoroughly washing them. 


Supplements are important to add some extra nutritional requirements to increase the chances of a successful IVF procedure. Ensure that you take supplements only under medical guidance. 

Foods to Avoid 

  • Alcohol: Alcohol may cause premature ejaculation in males and prevent embryo formation in females. 
  • Processed Foods: Sugar-loaded beverages and fast-food have high trans-fat content and low nutritional value, which affects fertility. 

Foods to Eat Before Embryo Transfer 

Both the male and female partner should focus on antioxidant-rich foods to reduce oxidative stress in the body and create a healthy reproductive environment for the egg, sperms and embryo.  

What to Eat After Embryo Transfer 

Iron and omega-3 fatty acids facilitate implantation and placenta formation. Include these after embryo transfer. 

Lifestyle and Nutritional Health 

While a good diet is crucial during IVF, do not ignore other factors. You and your partner must maintain a healthy body weight to improve physical and reproductive health. Try exercises to strengthen pelvic muscles and remove fatty tissue from the reproductive organs, such as: 

Low-intensity movement 

  • Weight loss exercises if you are overweight – weight training and yoga. 
  • Pelvic exercises/yoga to strengthen the muscles – Kegel’s deep squats, pelvic holds, baby pose and diagrammatic breathing. 
  • Activities that help you maintain your mental health and lower stress levels, such as listening to music, going out in nature, practicing your creative skills. 

Additionally, you must consistently monitor your nutritional health through self-monitoring techniques or blood tests. Your healthcare practitioner may guide you on the crucial factors to monitor, based on your specific infertility concerns. You don’t have to do anything alone, work with a nutritional practitioner to guide you with the changing dietary requirements through the IVF procedure.  

To Sum it Up 

Good nutrition is essential for the success of the IVF procedure. However, more than nutrition, tiny lifestyle changes can significantly impact the reproductive health of both partners and improve the chances of success. Seek guidance from your fertility professional for adequately planning the diet for IVF, exercise routine, and monitoring needs. Maintain consistency by including the necessary foods to eat before and after embryo transfer. Most importantly, understand that infertility can happen to anyone and that you are not alone in your journey to build your family. 

FAQs on Importance of Nutrition During IVF 

Q: Is diet important during IVF? 

A: Yes. Maintaining a balanced diet is crucial during IVF as it significantly influences the quality of sperm and eggs, and enhances fertilization and embryo development. Proper nutrition provides the necessary nutrients to support reproductive health, making it an essential component of IVF success. 

Q: Why is it important to eat protein during IVF? 

A: Protein plays a vital role during IVF as it facilitates tissue and muscle repair for both the baby and the carrier. Additionally, it improves sperm quality, making it a key nutrient for both partners during the IVF process. 

Q: Can poor nutrition cause infertility? 

A: Yes, poor nutrition can negatively impact fertility. A diet lacking essential nutrients can affect sperm and egg quality, hormonal balance, and overall reproductive health, potentially leading to infertility issues. Ensuring a nutrient-rich diet is essential for optimizing fertility and increasing the chances of IVF success. 

Write a Comment